Frequency of Musculoskeletal Discomforts and its Association with Various Breastfeeding Positions among Nursing Mothers

Authors

  • Amina Irfan Demonstrator. Sialkot Medical College, Imran Idrees Institute of Rehabilitation Sciences
  • Umara Iftikhar Rana Demonstrator. Sialkot Medical College, Imran Idrees Institute of Rehabilitation Sciences
  • Iqra Tul Hussain Lecturer. Sialkot Medical College, Imran Idrees Institute of Rehabilitation Sciences
  • Usman Saeed Lecturer. Sialkot Medical College, Imran Idrees Institute of Rehabilitation Sciences
  • Hammad Tahir Lecturer. Department of Nutrition, Lahore, University of Biology and Applied Sciences
  • Muhammad Talha Ahmad Consultant Dietician. Imran Idrees Teaching Hospital, Sialkot

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.61982/medera.v5i2.116

Keywords:

musculoskeletal pain, nursing mothers

Abstract

Objective: To determine the association between musculoskeletal discomforts and breastfeeding
positions among nursing mothers.
Methodology: It was an analytical cross-sectional conducted from January 2023 to June 2023 at Imran
Idrees Teaching Hospital and Idrees Hospital, Cantt Sialkot. The participants were selected using a
convenient sampling technique. All 232 participants were recruited after the informed consent who
met the inclusion criteria for the study. A musculoskeletal discomfort form developed from the
Nordic Musculoskeletal Questionnaire was used as an outcome measuring tool. The data were
analyzed using SPSS version 22. Descriptive statistics and chi-square tests were used to analyze the
data.
Results: The mean age of participants is 28.91±4.10 years. The majority of the participants had 1
breastfeeding child N=181 (78.0%), postpartum duration 1-3 months N=86 (37.1%), with the
frequency of breastfeeding 1-3 sessions/day N= 87(37.5%) respectively. Most nursing mothers had a
caesarian section as their mode of delivery N=120 (51.7%) and cross-cradle hold was the most
common breastfeeding position N=83 (35.8%) causing musculoskeletal discomfort among N=213
(91.8%) of participants. Chi-square showed a significant association for ache/pain and discomfort in
the regions of shoulders, elbows, wrist/hands as (p=0.00); upper back (p=0.01) and neck (p=0.02) at
significance level 0.05. For prevention scale regions of the neck (p=0.00), wrist/hand, low back (p=0.01)
and trouble scale regions of the upper back (p=0.01), shoulder, wrist/hand (p=0.02) respectively.
Conclusion: The Musculoskeletal discomforts were more pronounced in regions of the neck,
shoulders, elbows, and wrists, upper/lower back with the breastfeeding positions among nursing
mothers.
Key Words: Breastfeeding positions, musculoskeletal pain, nursing mothers, posture

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Published

17-01-2024

How to Cite

Amina Irfan, Umara Iftikhar Rana, Iqra Tul Hussain, Usman Saeed, Hammad Tahir, & Muhammad Talha Ahmad. (2024). Frequency of Musculoskeletal Discomforts and its Association with Various Breastfeeding Positions among Nursing Mothers. MedERA - Journal of CMH LMC and IOD, 5(2). https://doi.org/10.61982/medera.v5i2.116

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