Submissions

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Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.
  • The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  • The submission file is in OpenOffice, Microsoft Word, or RTF document file format.
  • Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
  • The text is single-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  • The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines.

Author Guidelines

MedERA-Journal of CMH LMC and IOD is an international biomedical journal from Pakistan. We publish materials of interest to practitioners and scientists in the broad field of medicine. Articles describing original qualitative, quantitative, human or laboratory studies are considered for publication. All manuscripts should be comprehensible to the general reader and lead to improved decision making in clinical practice, medical education, research and policy. Types of articles include case reports, case series, descriptive and analytical research with clinical trials, short reports, special communications and letters to the editor. Clinical conference abstracts, special issues, articles regarding innovation and those related to research methods and reporting are also considered. Secondary research including narrative reviews, systematic reviews, evidence-based articles, meta-analysis, and practice guidelines will also be accepted. From time-to-time invited articles are included.

Manuscripts must be original and not under consideration by another publication at the time of submission.

Ensure that you have read and understood the details noted in MedERA's editorial policy. Failure to comply can lead to delays in the processing of the manuscript, or even rejection.

Manuscript Submission

All manuscripts should be uploaded on the OJS as a Word document. MedERA follows the ICMJE’s Recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing, and Publication of Scholarly Work in Medical Journals.

The article should be formatted accordingly on MS Word:

  • Font Type: Times New Roman
  • Font Size: 18 for the article title, 14 for article text
  • Line spacing should be set at 1.5 throughout the text
  • Alignment: Justified throughout
  • Line numbers should be added
  • Page numbers should be added
  • Begin the abstract, introduction, methods, results, conclusion, references, and each table and figure on a new page.
  • Tables and figures should be included at end of the manuscript and not in the middle of the text.

Title Page

The title page should include the following: article title, article category, abstract word count, manuscript word count, number of references, and the number of tables and figures.

Do not state the authors’ names, affiliations or contact details anywhere on the manuscript. Such details should only be provided on the OJS and the submission statement form. The peer review process at the MedERA is a double-blind process and the author details are not shared with the peer reviewers with the manuscript.

Article Title

  • The title should be clear and concise.
  • Study design/article category should be a part of the title, especially in cases of randomised trials, systematic reviews, meta-analyses, audits, and case reports or case series. These should appear after a colon (“How to title a manuscript: an audit”.)
  • The title length should not exceed more than 14 words.
  • Do not capitalise the first letter of each word in the title unless it is a proper noun.
  • Do not use abbreviations in the title.

Article Category

Choose the article category from the following list.

Abstract Word Count

State the word count of the abstract. This does not include the MeSH terms.

Manuscript Word Count

State the word count for the paper’s text, excluding its abstract, acknowledgments, tables, figure legends, and references.

Number of References

State the total number of references used in the manuscript.

Number of Figures and Tables

State the total number of figures and tables uploaded with the manuscript. This is to allow editorial staff and reviewers to confirm that all figures and tables were actually included with the manuscript.

Abstract

An abstract should briefly state the objective, time and location of the study, basic procedures (selection of study participants, settings, measurements, analytical methods), main findings (giving specific effect sizes with frequencies and percentages, and their statistical and clinical significance, if possible), and principal conclusions. It should emphasize new and important aspects of the study or observations, note important limitations, and not over-interpret findings. Do not use references in abstracts.

Structure of an abstract should be in accordance to the article type:

Structured Abstracts:

  • Word Count: 250 words
  • Article categories: Audit, innovation, meta-analysis, original articles, research articles and systematic reviews
  • A structured abstract should consist of four paragraphs, under the following headings: objective, methods, results and conclusion.

Unstructured Abstracts

  • Word Count: 150 words
  • Article categories: Case reports, case series, narrative review, short communications, short reports and special communications.
  • An unstructured abstract should follow a logical sequence
  • Write the clinical trial number after the abstract in case of randomised controlled trials.

Introduction

Present a background for the study. Include global, regional and local reports where appropriate. Cite only strictly pertinent references. State the purpose or objective of the study without sub-headings. Explain the hypothesis and the requirement of the research. Do not include data or conclusions from the current study.

Methods

The following heading should be used for the methods section, as appropriate:

  • Subjects and methods
  • Patients and methods
  • Materials and methods

Components of the methodology which need to be mentioned as applicable are:

  • Ethical review statement
  • Study design
  • Description of the selection of the observational or experimental subjects
  • Study setting
  • Study duration
  • Sampling method
  • Sample size calculations with references
  • Follow-up period
  • Inclusion and exclusion criteria
  • Identification of the methods and apparatus (provide the manufacturer's name and address in parenthesis)
  • Identification of all drugs and chemicals

Do not use sub-headings. Detail the methodology in an organised manner with paragraphs.

The Methods section should include the approval of the Institutional Review Board. If an ethics committee does not exist then the statement, that the research was conducted according to the principles of the Declaration of Helsinki should be included.

Selection and Description of Participants

The inclusion criteria of the study participants, which may be patients, healthy controls or healthy subjects, should be clearly described. Exclusion criteria need to be elaborated. The source of the study subjects should be included.

Technical Information

The primary and secondary objective of the study should be clearly stated. This is at times called the primary and secondary outcome.

Equipment

Any equipment used in the study should give the manufacturer’s name and address. Procedures should be clearly described so as to facilitate others to reproduce them easily. References are necessary for to established methods, statistical methods, for already published methods not well-known, substantially modified methods with the reasons for using them, along with their limitations. All drugs and chemicals used should be stated in generic name(s), dose(s), and route(s) of administration.

Statistics

The statistical methods should be described in a simple manner to enable a reader to judge the correctness of the analysis and results. State the statistical software package used along with the version. References should be included where appropriate.

Authors submitting systematic reviews should include a section describing the methods used for locating, selecting, extracting and synthesizing data. These methods should also be summarised in the abstract.

Note that the methodology and results are combined under one heading for the following article categories:

  • Short Report
  • Special Communication

Results

Present the results in a logical sequence in the text, tables and illustrations.

Do not repeat all the data of the tables or illustrations in the text.

Emphasize or summarise important observations.

Frequencies and percentages both should be mentioned, for example, there were 18 (2%) men.

Exact p values should be reported.

Mean should be with standard deviations.

Medians should be with the inter-quartile range.

Present decimal figures up to 2 decimals only. e.g. 0.07 is correct instead of 0.071.

Medicatum encourages authors to use the SAMPL guidelines for statistical reporting.

Discussion

The discussion should begin with a summary of the main results. These are then discussed with the results of other published studies. Any new findings of the research should be emphasized and the relevance should be stated. These can be used for future research or clinical practice.

Details of methodology or introduction should not be included in the discussion. Do not repeat in detail data or other information given in other parts of the manuscript, such as in the introduction or the results section.

Limitations of the study should be stated at the end of the discussion in a separate paragraph.

Conclusion

The conclusion should be a brief summary of the study. Do not use any finding which has not been shown in the results. Do not over-emphasize the result. Do not state any benefits which have not been studied. A new hypothesis may be included if determined by the research. No speculations should be included.

Acknowledgement

Contributors who do not meet all the four criteria for authorship, but helped in the study, may be listed in the acknowledgement section. These may be named and their function or contribution should be described - for example, "scientific advisor critical review of study proposal, "data collection," or "participation clinical trial". Such persons must have given their permission to be named. Authors are responsible for obtaining written permission from a person acknowledged by name, because readers may infer their endorsement of the data and conclusions. Technical help should be acknowledged in a paragraph separate from those acknowledging other contributions.

Disclaimer

Disclose if the abstract has been presented or published in a conference, or published in an abstract book or any other relevant information. If the article is part of a PhD thesis, it should be disclosed.

Conflict of Interest

Any conflict of interest should be declared by all authors. This may include grants or honorarium, credits and promotions, memberships or any personal or professional relationships which may appear to influence the manuscript. Such competing interests are not unethical but should be declared.

If there are no conflict of interests, authors should still include this heading and write “none to declare.”

Funding Disclosure

All sources of grants received and its spending should be disclosed. If there is no funding disclosure, authors should still include this heading and write “none to declare”.

References

Vancouver style is essential for publication in Journal of Pakistan Medical Association. References should be cited in consecutive numerical order as first mentioned in the text and designated by the reference number in superscript. References appearing in a table or figure should be numbered sequentially with those in text.

The Journal follows Index Medicus style for references and abbreviated journal names according to the list of Journals indexed in Index Medicus: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/nlmcatalog/

"Unpublished observations" and "personal communications" should not be used as references, although written-not verbal-communications may be noted as such in the text. References cited as "in press" must have been accepted and not merely in preparation or submitted. The author is responsible for the accuracy of all references and must verify them against the original document.

If there are more than six authors, write et al after the first six names.

Authors may use the NLM guide which gives details regarding each citation: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK7256/

Tables

Data should be placed clearly and concisely to enable the reader to comprehend easily.

Do not repeat the results stated in tables in the text.

Tables should be numbered consecutively and cited in the results. Arabic numerals should be used.

The tables should be placed at the end of the manuscript, not scattered throughout the manuscript.

The tables should be designed on MS Word or MS Excel. Do not attach tables in the form of pictures.

Keep the design simple and clear, and avoid excessive use of colour

The title should be short and explanatory and written on top of the table.

The columns of the table should have a short heading.

Footnotes should elaborate on the abbreviations.

Statistical results should include the standard deviation or standard error of mean.

If any data or table has been included from a published article, the source should be given.

Figures and Illustrations

Figures and pictures should clarify and augment the text. The selection of sharp, high-quality illustrations is of paramount importance. Figures should be in 300 DPI and charts in Power Point (editable) high resolution format. Figures of inferior quality will be returned to the author for correction or replacement.

For x-ray films, scans, and other diagnostic images, pictures of pathology specimens or photomicrographs, high-resolution photographic image files are recommended.

Photomicrographs should have internal scale markers. Symbols, arrows, or letters used in photomicrographs should stand out on the background. The internal scale should be given, and the method of staining in photomicrographs should be identified.

Place all the figures at the end of the manuscript, and not scattered throughout the manuscript. Titles should be placed below the figure and detailed explanations should be given as legends and not on the illustrations.

Format According to the Category

The following is the requirement for formatting an article according to its category.

Audit

  • Structured abstract: 250 words
  • Maximum word count of text 3000 words
  • Maximum of 25 references
  • Maximum 3 allowed tables or figures
  • Use the following five headings in the main text: introduction, subjects/patients/materials and methods, results, discussion, conclusion and Limitations. This is followed by acknowledgements, disclaimer, conflicts of interest and funding disclosure. Do not use any other sub-headings.
  • State clearly when and where the study was conducted
  • Quote the ethical approval and informed consent if applicable

Case Report

  • Unstructured abstract: 150 words
  • Maximum word count of text 1250 words
  • Maximum of 10 references
  • Maximum 2 allowed tables or figures
  • Use the following four headings in the main text: introduction, case report/ case series, discussion, and conclusion. Do not forget to add the heading of acknowledgement if required. . This is followed by disclaimer, conflicts of interest and funding disclosure.
  • Ensure that a statement is present within the text of your manuscript which declares that the consent of the patient/guardian was taken prior to the writing of the manuscript. JPMA does not require a signed patient consent form; however, keep it with you in case the journal asks for it in future to verify this.
  • State clearly when the case was seen
  • Describe the follow-up of the patient.
  • If there is no follow-up, it should be stated

Case Series

  • Unstructured abstract: 150 words
  • Maximum word count of text 1250 words
  • Maximum of 10 references
  • Maximum 2 allowed tables or figures
  • Use the following four headings in the main text: introduction, case series, discussion, and conclusion. Do not forget to add the heading of acknowledgement if required. . This is followed by disclaimer, conflicts of interest and funding disclosure.
  • Ensure that a statement is present within the text of your manuscript which declares that the consent of the patient/guardian was taken prior to the writing of the manuscript. JPMA does not require a signed patient consent form; however, keep it with you in case the journal asks for it in future to verify this.
  • State clearly when the case was seen
  • Describe the follow-up of the patient.
  • If there is no follow-up, it should be stated

Comments on a Published Article

  • Maximum word count of text: 250 words
  • Maximum of 5 references
  • Maximum 1 allowed table or figure
  • Should not be signed by more than 3 authors
  • Must be received within four weeks of the publication of the article
  • There are no manuscript processing or publication fees for responses
  • Make sure to state any acknowledgements, disclaimer, conflicts of interest and funding disclosure.

Innovation

  • Structured abstract: 250 words
  • Maximum word count of text 3000 words
  • Maximum of 25 references
  • Maximum 3 allowed tables or figures
  • Use the following five headings in the main text: introduction, subjects/patients/materials and methods, results, discussion, and conclusion. This is followed by acknowledgements, disclaimer, conflicts of interest and funding disclosure. Do not use any other sub-headings.
  • State clearly when and where the study was conducted
  • Quote the ethical approval and informed consent if applicable

Letter to the Editor

  • Maximum word count of text: 400 words
  • Maximum of 5 recent references
  • Maximum 1 allowed table or figure
  • Should not be signed by more than 3 authors
  • Make sure to state any acknowledgements, disclaimer, conflicts of interest and funding disclosure.

Meta-Analysis

  • Structured abstract: 250 words
  • Maximum word count of text 3000 words
  • Maximum of 25 references
  • Maximum 3 allowed tables or figures
  • Use the following five headings in the main text: introduction, subjects/patients/materials and methods, results, discussion, and conclusion. This is followed by acknowledgements, disclaimer, conflicts of interest and funding disclosure. Do not use any other sub-headings.
  • State clearly when and where the study was conducted
  • Quote the ethical approval and informed consent if applicable

Narrative Review

  • Unstructured abstract: 150 words
  • Maximum word count of text 4000 words
  • Maximum of 35 references with at least half from the previous five years.
  • Maximum 5 allowed tables or figures
  • Follow a logical sequence and use sub-headings as required
  • JPMA does not accept narrative review articles written by undergraduate students
  • Make sure to state any acknowledgements, disclaimer, conflicts of interest and funding disclosure.

Original Article

  • Structured abstract: 250 words
  • Maximum word count of text 3000 words
  • Maximum of 25 references
  • Maximum 3 allowed tables or figures
  • Use the following five headings in the main text: introduction, subjects/patients/materials and methods, results, discussion, and conclusion. This is followed by acknowledgements, disclaimer, conflicts of interest and funding disclosure. Do not use any other sub-headings.
  • State clearly when and where the study was conducted
  • Quote the ethical approval and informed consent if applicable
  • A clinical trial number should be included for all randomised controlled trials

Research Article

  • Structured abstract: 250 words
  • Maximum word count of text 3000 words
  • Maximum of 25 references
  • Maximum 3 allowed tables or figures
  • Use the following five headings in the main text: introduction, subjects/patients/materials and methods, results, discussion, and conclusion. This is followed by acknowledgements, disclaimer, conflicts of interest and funding disclosure. Do not use any other sub-headings.
  • State clearly when and where the study was conducted
  • Quote the ethical approval and informed consent if applicable

Short Communication / Short Report

  • Unstructured abstract: 150 words
  • Maximum word count of text 1250 words
  • Maximum of 10 references
  • Maximum 2 allowed tables or figures
  • Use the following three headings in the main text: introduction, patients/methods and results, and conclusion. Do not forget to add the heading of acknowledgement if required.

Special Communication

  • Unstructured abstract: 150 words
  • Maximum word count of text 3000 words
  • Maximum of 25 references
  • Maximum 3 allowed tables or figures
  • Use the following three headings in the main text: introduction, methods and results, and conclusion. Do not forget to add the heading of acknowledgement if required.

Systematic Reviews

  • Structured abstract: 250 words
  • Maximum word count of text 4000 words
  • Maximum of 35 references
  • Maximum 5 allowed tables or figures
  • Use the following five headings in the main text: introduction, subjects/patients/materials and methods, results, discussion, and conclusion. This is followed by acknowledgements, disclaimer, conflicts of interest and funding disclosure. Do not use any other sub-headings.
  • State clearly when and where the study was conducted
  • Quote the ethical approval and informed consent if applicable

Reporting Guidelines

Authors are strongly encouraged to refer to the scientific reporting guidelines for health research, hosted by the EQUATOR Network (Enhancing the QUAlity and Transparency Of health Research).

Authors should adhere to these scientific reporting guidelines when drafting their manuscript. Separate guidelines are available for each study design and topic under study. Although JPMA has not made the submission of these checklists mandatory, doing so will aid in the processing of the manuscripts. A quick overview of the most commonly used study design methods are listed below. If you are not sure which guideline to use, use the new tool developed by EQUATOR Network and Penelope Research to guide the authors.

Study Design Checklist Website
Observational Studies in Epidemiology(cohort, case-control, and cross-sectional studies) STROBE http://www.strobe-statement.org/index.php?id=strobe-home
Case Reports   http://www.care-statement.org/
Infection Control Intervention Studies ORION http://www.idrn.org/orion.php
Tumour Marker Prognostic Studies REMARK  
Genetic Association Studies STREGA http://www.medicine.uottawa.ca/public-health-genomics/web/eng/strega.html
Randomised Control Trials CONSORT http://www.consort-statement.org/
Non-Randomised Controlled Trials TREND http://www.cdc.gov/trendstatement/
Diagnostic Accuracy Studies STARD http://www.stard-statement.org/
Reliability and Agreement Studies GRRAS  
Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses PRISMA http://www.prisma-statement.org/
Study Protocols SPIRIT http://www.spirit-statement.org/
Meta-Analysis of Observational Studies MOOSE  
Qualitative Research Studies SRQR  
Qualitative Research (focus groups and interviews) COREQ http://intqhc.oxfordjournals.org/content/19/6/349.long
Quality Improvement Studies SQUIRE http://www.squire-statement.org/
Multivariate Prediction Models TRIPOD http://www.tripod-statement.org/

House Style

  • Manuscript must be written in ‘British English’. Non-native English speakers must seek the assistance of experienced, English-speaking medical editors if in doubt. Taking feedback from your colleagues also makes the manuscript writing more productive, versatile and simple for the readers.
  • Sentences should be properly structured instead of giving brackets within a sentence. For example, the study participants (women of age group 25-30 years) were approached for the interviews. The correct way is ‘The study participants included women of age group 25-30 years. They were approached for interviews.’
  • Present decimal figures up to 2 decimals only. e.g. 0.07 is correct instead of 0.071.
  • Use the full form of an abbreviation initially in the text before using the abbreviated form.
  • Avoid capitalisation except for proper nouns and where it is grammatically required.
  • Do not start a sentence with a number.

Publishing Fees

MedERA has no publishing fees. It neither charges a fee from the authors nor from the readers. All the charges are paid by the parent body.

Students' Corner

An article in which the first author is an undergraduate student will be treated as a student’s article. The processing of the manuscript and the review process will be the same as all other articles. The manuscript, if accepted for publication will find a place in the students’ section of MedERA.

Articles

This Section will contain the peer-reviewed original articles that will be available as Open Access.

Review Articles

This section will contain peer-reviewed review articles that will be available as open access as per journal's policy.

Case Reports/Case Series

This section will contain the published Case reports/Case Series.

Students' Section

This section will contain peer-reviewed student articles of all categories including original articles, review articles, in-silico studies, KAP studies etc.

Innovation

This section will contain articles that contain some new hypothesis, theory, innovative technique etc.

Privacy Statement

Introduction

Your privacy is important to MedERA-Journal of CMH LMC and IOD (referred to as MedERA hereafter).  This privacy statement provides information about the personal information that MedERA collects and the ways in which MedERA uses that personal information.
 
Personal information collection
MedERA may collect and use personal information that is necessary for the processing and publication of manuscripts submitted to us. This information may include names, affiliation and contact details; including postal address, emails, phone numbers and fax numbers.
 
Using personal information
Any personal information received by MedERA will only be used to process and publish your manuscript. 
  • administer this website;
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  • process your manuscript;
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Where MedERA discloses your personal information to its agents or sub-contractors for these purposes, the agent or sub-contractor in question will be obligated to use that personal information in accordance with the terms of this privacy statement. 
In addition to the disclosures reasonably necessary for the purposes identified elsewhere above, MedERA may disclose your personal information to the extent that it is required to do so by law, in connection with any legal proceedings or prospective legal proceedings, and in order to establish, exercise or defend its legal rights.
 
Securing your data
MedERA will take reasonable technical and organisational precautions to prevent the loss, misuse or alteration of your personal information. 
 
Cross-border data transfers
Information that MedERA collects may be stored and processed in and transferred between any of the countries in which MedERA operates to enable the use of the information in accordance with this privacy policy.
In addition, personal information that you submit for publication on the website will be published on the internet and may be available around the world.
You agree to such cross-border transfers of personal information.
 
Updating this statement
 
MedERA may update this privacy policy by posting a new version on this website.  
You should check this page occasionally to ensure you are familiar with any changes.  
 
Other websites
This website contains links to other websites.  
MedERA is not responsible for the privacy policies or practices of any third party.
 
Contact MedERA
If you have any questions about this privacy policy or MedERA treatment of your personal information, please send an email to editorialassistant@jcmhlmc.com