MedERA - Journal of CMH LMC and IOD https://jcmhlmc.com/index.php/medera <p>MedERA-Journal of CMH Lahore Medical College and Institute of Dentistry(JCMHLMC) is an open-access peer-reviewed biomedical journal that publishes current research related to all the aspects of medical sciences. The acronym MedERA stands for Medical and Experimental Research Articles. CMH Lahore Medical College and Institute of Dentistry is the parent body of this Journal.</p> en-US editorinchief@jmchlmc.com (Editor-in-Chief) editorialassistant@jcmhlmc.com (Editorial Assistant) Thu, 27 Jan 2022 00:00:00 +0000 OJS 3.3.0.3 http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 Gender Differences in Perceived Stress and Mental Health https://jcmhlmc.com/index.php/medera/article/view/60 <p><strong>Abstract</strong></p> <p><br><strong>Objective:</strong> To investigate the gender differences in perceived stress and mental health in medical <br>students of Lahore, Pakistan. <br><strong>Methodology:</strong> The current study was cross-sectional in nature conducted at two private medical <br>colleges in Lahore. Data was collected using stratified random sampling. Sample size was 300 (150 <br>males &amp; 150 females) students selected from all five years of two medical colleges. For assessment <br>purpose Demographic form, Perceived Stress Scale for Medical Students (PSSMS) for stress assessment<br>and Depression Anxiety Stress Scale (DASS-21) for mental health evaluation were used.<br><strong>Results:</strong> For statistical analysis descriptive statistics was used for demographics details and from <br>inferential statistics t-test was used for a clear picture of gender differences in perceived stress and <br>mental health issues. Results revealed that in PSSMS scale only one subscale of burnout showed significant differences (p=.001) which revealed that males were more burnout than females. Significant <br>gender differences were found for DASS Total (p=.007), and its subscale of Stress (p=.000), and <br>Depression (p=.004). <br><strong>Conclusion:</strong> Our findings revealed that females demonstrate high level of stress, depression and on <br>the whole more mental health issues than their male counterparts. On the other hand in Perceived <br>Stress Scale for Medical Students (PSSMS) there were no significant differences in dimensions of <br>social stressors, academic stressors and mistrust. Burnout was only one dimension in which male <br>showed high burnout than female students. Gender appeared to influence the mental health of <br>students.</p> Iram Mansoor, Maqbool Ahmad Khan, Khadijah-tul-Kubra Copyright (c) 2022 Iram Mansoor, Maqbool Ahmad Khan, Khadijah-tul-Kubra https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://jcmhlmc.com/index.php/medera/article/view/60 Thu, 27 Jan 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Frequency of Autonomic Neuropathy in Type-1 Diabetes Mellitus Patients https://jcmhlmc.com/index.php/medera/article/view/61 <p><strong>Abstract</strong></p> <p><br><strong>Objectives:</strong> To determine the frequency of diabetic autonomic neuropathy in type 1 diabetes mellitus.<br><strong>Methodology:</strong> This cross-sectional study was conducted at Medical Unit-IV, Services Institute of<br>Medical Sciences, Lahore. A total of 236 cases fulfilling the inclusion/exclusion criteria were enrolled<br>from Medical OPD Services Institute of Medical Science, Lahore. Informed consent of the patients<br>was taken to include their data in the study. Detailed history for Diabetes Mellitus was taken. All the<br>patients were undergoing for evaluation of diabetic autonomic neuropathy. Presence/absence of<br>DAN was recorded. All this information was recorded.<br><strong>Results:</strong> In our study, frequency of diabetic autonomic neuropathy in type 1 diabetes mellitus was<br>recorded in 17.80%(n=42) whereas 82.20%(n=194) had no findings of the morbidity.<br><strong>Conclusion:</strong> We conclude that the frequency of diabetic autonomic neuropathy in type 1 diabetes<br>mellitus is not very high, but it varies according to diagnostic criteria and population, however,<br>some-other studies in different health centers of our country is required.</p> Nosheen Zafar, Niamat Ali, Umbreen Aslam, Muhammad Kashif Bashir, Zulfiqar Khosa, Huma Ashraf Copyright (c) 2022 Nosheen Zafar, Niamat Ali, Umbreen Aslam, Muhammad Kashif Bashir, Zulfiqar Khosa, Huma Ashraf https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://jcmhlmc.com/index.php/medera/article/view/61 Thu, 27 Jan 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Impact of Covid-19 Pandemic in Pakistani Population https://jcmhlmc.com/index.php/medera/article/view/62 <p><strong>Abstract</strong></p> <p><strong>Objective:</strong> The objective of this study was to assess the impact of COVID-19 pandemic on the economic, social and mental health of families living in Lahore, Pakistan.</p> <p><strong>Methodology</strong>: A cross-sectional survey conducted for six months included total 200 participants filled a self-designed questionnaire through convenient sampling. The structured questionnaire collected information on socio-demographic profile and data on impact of COVID-19 on economic, social and mental status of residents of Lahore</p> <p><strong>Results</strong>: The mean age of the respondents was 42 + 10.281 in years. Nearly 50% of the participants were affected from stress. Most of the participants were stressed, living in nuclear families.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> COVID-19 pandemic has strong impact on family income. Stress levels were raised especially among male respondents and discord in the family was highlighted. The participants engaged in private jobs were more stressed. Access to friends and families were restricted in this pandemic. Keywords: COVID-19, stress, mental health.</p> Shamaila Haassnain, Aqsa Iqbal, Muhammad Waleed Usama, Fiyyaz Atif Copyright (c) 2022 Shamaila Haassnain, Aqsa Iqbal, Muhammad Waleed Usama, Fiyyaz Atif https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://jcmhlmc.com/index.php/medera/article/view/62 Thu, 27 Jan 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Prevalence of Sleep Paralysis in the Medical Students of a Local Medical College https://jcmhlmc.com/index.php/medera/article/view/63 <p><strong>Abstract</strong></p> <p><strong>Objective:</strong> To find out the prevalence of sleep paralysis among the medical students of a local Pakistani medical college. <strong>Methodology:</strong> This cross-sectional study was conducted on 107 medical students from, Karachi Institute of Medical Sciences (KIMS), Karachi, Pakistan. Non-probability Convenient Sampling Technique was utilized for this study. Students suffering from any psychiatric illness were excluded from this study. The study was performed after taking permission from the Institutional Ethical Review Committee. Written informed consent was taken from all the students. The data were collected using a pretested predesigned Questionnaire which was consisted of 10 questions related to the common10 happening and symptoms of sleep paralysis. Data were recorded in the form of frequency and percentages and analyzed using SPSS 24.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> 52% (56 out of 107) participants have had an experience of sleep paralysis. Most of the participants (76.6%) described their experience as an Inability to move. Frequency of experience ranged from 0 to 20 times in the last year. Age at first experience ranged between 10-20 years.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion</strong>: We found a high prevalence of sleep paralysis (47.2%) among the medical students at a local Pakistani medical college. Majority of the students experienced the phenomenon multiple times in their life. The students associated the symptoms the factors such as academic stress, anxiety, workload, emotional experiences, sleep deprivation, work routine, sleep pattern, sleep deprivation, fatigue, mental disturbance, studies and routine stress. 37.3% of the students also related the phenomenon to their position of sleep (lying on back). The participants described the experience as a source of great distress. Sleep paralysis needs to be studied, investigated and addressed in context of mental health of the students.</p> Amna Ijaz, Muhammad Muzammil Saeed, Rana Khurram Aftab, Beenish Altaf, Avais Ahmad, Farasat Ali Copyright (c) 2022 Amna Ijaz, Muhammad Muzammil Saeed, Rana Khurram Aftab, Beenish Altaf, Avais Ahmad, Farasat Ali https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://jcmhlmc.com/index.php/medera/article/view/63 Thu, 27 Jan 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Helicobacter Pylori in Patients with Hepatitis C Virus https://jcmhlmc.com/index.php/medera/article/view/64 <p><strong>Abstract</strong></p> <p><strong>Objective:</strong> To determine the frequency and association of Helicobacter Pylori (H. Pylori) infection among patients infected with hepatitis C virus (HCV).</p> <p><strong>Methodology</strong>: The study was conducted in Services Institute of Medical Sciences, Lahore. A total of 200 cases fulfilling the inclusion/exclusion criteria were enrolled from Medical OPD Services Institute of Medical Science, Lahore. An informed consent of the patients was taken to include their data in the study. Detailed history for hepatitis C virus was taken. Blood samples were collected and sent to the hospital laboratory for evaluation of presence/absence of H. Pylori in the subjects of HCV.</p> <p><strong>Results</strong>: In this study, out of 200 subjects, 32%(n=64) aged 30-50 years while 68%(n=136) aged 51-80 years, and the mean S.D was calculated as 53.99+8.67 years. 54%(n=108) males and 46%(n=92) females were included. The frequency of H. Pylori in subjects with HCV was recorded in 37.5%(n=75) whereas 62.5%(n=125) had no findings of the morbidity.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion</strong>: The frequency of H. Pylori is higher in patients of Hepatitis C.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Niamat Ali, Nosheen Zafar, Adnan Aslam, Umbreen Aslam, Muhammad Kashif Bashir, Huma Ashraf Copyright (c) 2022 Niamat Ali, Nosheen Zafar, Adnan Aslam, Umbreen Aslam, Muhammad Kashif Bashir, Huma Ashraf https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://jcmhlmc.com/index.php/medera/article/view/64 Thu, 27 Jan 2022 00:00:00 +0000