The Role of Mitomycin C on Preventing Recurrence in Primary Pterygium Surgery When Administered Intraoperatively

Authors

  • Dr Abdul Majeed Malik CMH Lahore Medical College and Institute of Dentistry, Lahore.

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5081694

Keywords:

pterygium, MMC, Recurrence

Abstract

Objective: To assess the safety and efficacy of 0.04% MMC in reducing the rate of pterygium recurrence in primary pterygium surgery.

Study Design: Interventional, randomized, prospective, placebo-controlled trials.

Place and Duration of Study: Our first study period spanned from February 1996 to December 1998 at Eye Department, Combined Military Hospital - Kharian Cantt and the second from October 2013 to November 2015 at Eye Department, Combined Military Hospital- Lahore Cantt.

Methodology: In our study, 0.04% MMC was applied during surgery and comprised of 150 eyes of 116 patients.

Results: Recurrence was seen in 33 eyes (44%) in the control group and only 7 eyes (9.3%) in the MMC treated group, showing a drastic improvement in the latter (p<0.05). Recurrence started after 5.63 +1.90 months in the control group and 9.21 +3.67 months in the MMC treated group (p<0.05) showing statistically significant difference between the two groups.

Conclusion: MMC 0.04% is a useful adjunct chemotherapy for prevention of pterygium recurrence in our study. MMC not only decreases the recurrence rate, but it also delays the onset of recurrence.

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Published

10-03-2021 — Updated on 05-04-2021

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How to Cite

Brig. Dr Abdul Majeed Malik. (2021). The Role of Mitomycin C on Preventing Recurrence in Primary Pterygium Surgery When Administered Intraoperatively. MedERA - Journal of CMH LMC and IOD, 1. https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5081694 (Original work published March 10, 2021)