Beyond Anxiety: Unveiling the Power of Self-Efficacy in Shaping Academic Performance among Medical Students

Authors

  • Muhammad Ali Ather Senior Demonstrator, CMH Lahore Medical College and Institute of Dentistry, Lahore
  • Hina Shahid Lecturer, National University of Modern Languages, Lahore (NUML)
  • Sumaira Qambar Bokhari Associate Professor. Services Institute of Medical Sciences, Lahore

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.61982/medera.v5i2.115

Abstract

Objective: The study aimed to explore the relationship between anxiety and academic performance and discuss a key boundary condition i.e., self-efficacy as a strategy to manage anxiety in the academic setting.

Methodology: A quantitative survey design was used employing a cross-sectional time frame. Public sector medical colleges of Lahore affiliated with the University of Health Sciences (UHS) were selected such as Allama Iqbal Medical College, Ameer-ud-Din (PGMI) Medical College, Services Institute of Medical Sciences, and Shaikh Khalifa Bin Zayed Al-Nahyan Medical & Dental College. The duration of the study was from June 2021 to January 2022. A convenience sampling technique was used to collect data from 259 medical students through self-administered questionnaires. The inclusion criteria applied were that the medical institution needs to be recognized by UHS and should be located in Lahore. Medical students included belonged to second to final year MBBS. First-year students were omitted as they had not taken their professional examinations.

Results: Hayes PROCESS Macro analysis in SPSS version 22 showed that social media overload and academic performance were significantly related (B=-0.198, p<0.05). Moreover, a significant moderating role of self-efficacy in the relationship between anxiety and academic performance was found.

Conclusion: Results suggested that when medical students faced anxiety their academic performance was decreased however this did not apply to medical students with high self-efficacy. Medical students with low self-efficacy who see themselves as incompetent, lose motivation easily when they try to attempt tough tasks and focus too much on potential failure.

Key Words: Anxiety, academic performance, self-efficacy.

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Published

17-01-2024

How to Cite

Muhammad Ali Ather, Shahid, H., & Bokhari, S. Q. (2024). Beyond Anxiety: Unveiling the Power of Self-Efficacy in Shaping Academic Performance among Medical Students. MedERA - Journal of CMH LMC and IOD, 5(2). https://doi.org/10.61982/medera.v5i2.115

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